The influenza is a viral infection that affects your respiratory system, including your nose, throat, and lungs. The flu is a common term for influenza, however it is not the same as stomach “flu” viruses that cause diarrhea and vomiting.
Seasonal influenza is an acute respiratory infection caused by influenza viruses that circulate globally. It is a year-round illness burden. It produces a variety of ailments that can lead to hospitalization and death.
The majority of people recover from fever and other symptoms within a week without the need for medical intervention. However, influenza can cause serious illness or death, especially in high-risk groups such as the very young, the elderly, pregnant women, health-care workers, and people with chronic medical conditions.
Seasonal epidemics occur primarily during the winter in temperate areas, but influenza can persist throughout the year in tropical places, resulting in more irregular outbreaks.
How is influenza caused?
When an infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks, the virus spreads through the air in droplets. You can either directly inhale the droplets or pick up the germs from an object, such as a telephone or computer keyboard, and then transmit them to your eyes, nose, or mouth.
People infected with the virus are likely contagious from a day before symptoms show to five days after they develop. Children and others with compromised immune systems may be contagious for a somewhat longer period of time.
Influenza viruses are continually evolving, with new strains emerging on a regular basis. If you have had influenza before, your body has already produced antibodies to combat that particular strain of the virus. If future influenza viruses are identical to those you have encountered previously, whether through sickness or vaccination, those antibodies may prevent or decrease infection. However, antibody levels may decrease over time.
Furthermore, antibodies against previous influenza viruses may not protect you from new influenza strains, which may be entirely different strains from what you had previously.
What is the Treatment of Influenza?
Antiviral medications may be used to treat flu symptoms.
If you are at a higher risk of serious flu complications and develop flu symptoms, see your doctor right away. Young children, individuals 65 and older, pregnant women, and persons with certain medical disorders; such as asthma, diabetes, and heart disease, are at a higher risk of flu complications.
Antiviral medications, when used for therapy, can reduce symptoms and shorten the length of illness by 1 or 2 days. They can also help avoid major flu complications such as pneumonia. Treatment with antiviral medications can mean the difference between milder or more serious sickness, possibly resulting in a hospital admission, for patients who are at higher risk of significant flu complications.
The CDC recommends that patients who have flu or suspect they have flu seek treatment as soon as possible since they are at a higher risk of serious flu complications.
Hence, Treatment focuses on alleviating influenza symptoms such as fever in people who are not in a high risk group. Patients who are known to be in a high risk group for getting severe or complicated sickness should seek medical assistance as soon as possible and be treated with an antiviral medicine.
Can Influenza Be Treated With a Vaccine?
Among people 65 and older, flu vaccination has reduced the probability of medically attended illness caused by A(H1N1) or influenza B viruses by more than 60%. Flu vaccines have also reduced the risk of A(H1N1) and influenza B hospitalization in persons 65 and older.
“At Pharmedic Pharmacy, you can speak to a professional about your health if you feel you have any of the symptoms. It is up to you to keep yourself, family, and friends safe during these times…